Tamil Nadu likely to get two offshore windfarms soon
In an attempt to harness more wind energy and bail out power-starved states, the ministry of new and renewable energy is gearing to set up offshore windfarms in Gujarat andTamil Nadu with technical assistance from the European Union.
Rapid urbanization worldwide has resulted in a steady stream of people moving into towns and cities. From around 11 per cent in 1901, it is now closer to 31 percent in India. The reasons for the move are many – from economic opportunities to better infrastructure availability and today, the impacts of impacts of ‘development’ and ‘climate change’ that are turning fallow or barren large areas of agricultural land and forcing many to become climate refugees.
Cities have been considered as a drain on the areas around them. However, cities can be made largely self-sustaining. They may have challenging environmental and social issues but they have two important resources – plenty of innovative ideas and money. A couple of months ago, the government announced a plan to set up 100 smart cities across the country. A smart city is supposed to be an urban area where economic development and activity are sustainable. Information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services for citizen. For an increasingly tech savvy generation, it is clearly the way to go.
40% of Indian coast subjected to coastal erosion: Government
The government on Wednesday said a study has revealed that on an average around 40% of Indian coast is subjected to coastal erosion.
Chennai: Rampant developments along the coast drying up groundwater
The city is waking up to the threat faced by the Muttukadu estuary due to unbridled urbanisation that has resulted in high-rises and industries on its banks. Experts and environment activists are alleging that these new structures are putting the ground water table at coastal Chennai to grave risk.
Despite having a 7,500-kilometre coastline and a marine fisherfolk population of 3.57 million spread across more than 3,000 marine fishing villages, India has no detailed marine weather bulletins for fishermen either on radio, TV or print media. All weather forecasts are aimed at farmers and the general public, and only forecast rain. Fishers work in an environment that has the potential to turn hostile any time. Their lives and livelihoods depend on the sea state and the weather over the sea.
The first regular broadcast of marine weather by a radio station in India happened at Kollam, Kerala, in July 2012. A community radio station located close to the sea, Radio Benziger, began a daily broadcast of marine weather forecast, sourced from INCOIS, that can be picked up from 25 km at sea. The station broadcasts three weather bulletins daily to over 4 lakh listeners spread along this coastal port city.
Further south of Kollam, along the south west coast of India, an Indian climate researcher at the University of Sussex, Maxmillan Martin, began an initiative, Radio Monsoon, by narrowcasting to a community of small boat fishers at Vizhinjam, a fishing village located close to the famous Kovalam beach. Radio Monsoon, a predecessor to a radio station, narrowcasts ocean state forecasts, issued by INCOIS, in Malayalam to fisher communities by loudspeakers, word of mouth and also by uploading IMD and INCOIS forecasts on an Internet server, Gram Vaani, and giving fishers a free phone number to access the Malayalam bulletins anytime. The forecasts can also be accessed via Facebook, Twitter and SoundCloud.
Climate Change: After WB, ADB Approves Aid to Coastal States
In June 2014, Cyclone Nanauk in the western Arabian Sea resulted in huge tidal waves reaching upto 4.5 meters hit Mumbai's shore. There were photos of people getting a thrill from running away from the seawall as waves broke over the Gateway of India. Waterlogging was severe in many places, mainly because the incoming water did not have a way to flow out. Similar impact was reported from Kochi and Trivandrum on other occasions. With more and more of the coast being built up, creeks are narrowed and ‘trained’ so that their mouths do not migrate while the mangroves that mitigate the impact of floods are destroyed and in their place other structures are erected.
How will climate change affect livelihoods in South Asia?
How does a warming environment affect rainfall, cropping patterns, livelihoods? What could be the alternatives that people whose livelihoods are hit by the effects of climate change do to cope? An initiative by Britain and Canada seeks to study and tackle the effects of climate change in South Asia, in tandem with TERI and Jadavpur University in India and similar institutes in neighbouring Pakistan and Bangladesh.
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- TRINet Newsletter October 2014
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