An independent NGO Team carried out a Damage Assessment from 5-8 Jan 2012
|Thane Cyclone Disaster Needs Assessmen_12 Jan12.pdf||6.68 MB|
Water is essential for all socio-economic development and for maintaining healthy ecosystems. As population increases and development calls for increased allocations of groundwater and surface water for the domestic, agriculture and industrial sectors, the pressure on water resources intensifies, leading to tensions, conflicts among users, and excessive pressure on the environment. The increasing stress on freshwater resources brought about by ever-rising demand and profligate use, as well as by growing pollution worldwide, is of serious concern.
Water scarcity affects all social and economic sectors and threatens the sustainability of the natural resources base. Addressing water scarcity requires an intersectoral and multidisciplinary approach to managing water resources in order to maximize economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems. Integration across sectors is needed. This integration needs to take into account development, supply, use and demand, and to place the emphasis on people, their livelihood and the ecosystems that sustain them. On the demand side, enhancing water productivity (the volume of production per unit of water) in all sectors is paramount to successful programmes of water scarcity alleviation. Furthermore, protecting and restoring the ecosystems that naturally capture, filter, store and release water, such as rivers, wetlands, forests and soils, is crucial to increasing the availability of water of good quality.
Description by Jennifer Duncan
Currently, 60 per cent of the world's slum areas are in the Asia-Pacific region, with most having little or no access to safe water, sanitation, or the most basic amenities. By 2030, another 1.3 billion people are expected to move to urban areas, almost all of whom will be poor. Those without home and hope will not only have a huge impact on economic stability, but will increasingly define both the housing needs as well as the political agenda in the rapidly urbanizing Asia-Pacific region.
These are some of the disturbing findings in a new report, A Right to a Decent Home - Mapping Poverty Housing in the Asia-Pacific Region. Commissioned by Habitat for Humanity, the report is the first of its kind bringing together in one document statistics and research compiled from a wide range of recognized publications on general poverty. This research highlights many of the causes and effects of rural and urban poverty housing and their implications on emerging economies.
Chapter I poses the principal questions underlying the report, underscores the important and growing role of community-led shelter development for the poor in the Asia-Pacific region, and offers a definition of inadequate housing. Chapter II discusses housing conditions for the region’s poor. The focus is on urbanization and population growth trends, and the effects that these trends have on moving housing demand to the cities. Chapter III summarizes the effects of inadequate housing on social participation, civil unrest, health and household economic well-being. Chapter IV looks at the causes of inadequate housing and groups the causes into three sections: socio-economic, political and environmental factors; the housing policy environment; and housing market conditions. Chapter V outlines current efforts to confront inadequate housing in the Asia-Pacific region. This chapter highlights the growth of community-led shelter development in the Asia-Pacific region, which is perhaps the most important trend discussed in this report. Chapter VI considers the conclusions and trends in poverty housing. An Appendix presents information on housing conditions in eight countries within the region: Bangladesh, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
(Based on information from
http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/fromthefield/habhum/117133923933.htmand the Executive Summary in the publication)
This is a brief of some of the livelihood projects launched by ADB director General during his visit to Tsunami affected districts in Tamil Nadu, September 2006. The document is from the Livelihood Specialist, ADB, Extended Mission in TN. www.adb.org/inrm
Building Back Better: A 12-month update on UNICEF's work to rebuild children's lives and restore hop
One year after the tsunami, UNICEF recounts its role in providing immediate relief and ongoing care to the thousands of families and children affected. Helping bring children back to school, providing immunization services, and assisting with registration, placement and reunification of the separated are but a few of the activities UNICEF undertook in the past 12 months. The report provides country-by-country breakdowns that include expenditure, plans and challenges, while highlighting children's stories and key partners in relief and recovery.
Report of a Fact Finding Mission to tsunami affected areas of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Shivani Chaudhry and Enakshi Ganguly Thukral.
This report presents the findings of a fact-finding mission conducted by the Housing and Land Rights Network’s South Asia Regional Programme (HLRN - SARP) to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from 26 January to 10 February 2006. The aim of the visit was to focus on the shelter and housing component of rehabilitation in the Islands, and to analyse it through the lens of human rights. Compared to other tsunami-affected areas, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are more isolated, and information about them is even more limited. The study revealed glaring discrepancies between what was being reported and what was actually happening with regard to relief and rehabilitation in the tsunami-impacted areas.
There is an urgent need for all agencies—be they government, non-government, international, local or faith-based—to adhere to internationally accepted human rights standards and develop a strong rights-based approach to long-term rehabilitation work. The right to humanitarian relief and rehabilitation must also be recognized and upheld as a basic human right. Post-tsunami rehabilitation efforts must urgently focus on the provision of adequate permanent housing and on comprehensive livelihood restoration. Holistic and long-term solutions must be prioritized in all rehabilitation programmes. Most importantly, tsunami survivors should not be merely viewed as helpless victims but should be actively included in all decision-making processes that concern them. Concerted efforts must be made to ensure that their needs are met, that their human rights are protected and fulfilled, and their dignity is upheld.
Health can be compromised when harmful bacteria, viruses, and parasites contaminate drinking water either at the source, through seepage of contaminated run-off water, or within the piped distribution system. Moreover, unhygienic handling of water during transport or within the home can contaminate previously safe water.
For these reasons, many of those who have access to improved water supplies through piped connections, protected wells or other improved sources are, in fact, exposed to contaminated water. Therefore, potentially billions of people can benefit from effective household water treatment and safe storage.
This document reviews the case for managing water quality in the home, describes the Network and its objectives, gives a brief overview of low-cost technologies, and outlines some of the implementation challenges that lie ahead.