The National Center for Sustainable Coastal Management, Chennai in association with the Institute of Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai has conducted a study regarding “assessment of shore line change for the entire coast of mainland India, extending from Gujarat in the West coast to West Bengal in the East coast”. The shoreline change was assessed for a period of 38 years from 1972 – 2010. Accordingly, the coastline of India has been classified into high, medium and low erosion stretches as well as stable coast. The study has revealed that on an average around 40% of the Indian coast is subjected to coastal erosion (either high, medium or low). The study also reveals that out of 1008 kms. long coastline of Andhra Pradesh, about 82.27 kms. falls under “high erosion zone”, 63.7 kms. under “medium erosion zone ” and 88.7 kms. under “low erosion zone”. This was stated by Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests, in the Rajya Sabha today, in a written reply to a question by Dr. T. Subbarami Reddy.
By Nityanand Jayaraman
12 March, 2013
Two years ago, an earthquake and tsunami devastated a fair section of Fukushima prefecture. If they were the only disasters, life could have been rebuilt after the waters receded and the debris cleared. The nuclear meltdown that followed may keep this region uninhabitable for decades, if not longer.
The Independent Commission appointed by the Japanese parliament to investigate the accident observed that while natural disasters may have triggered the nuclear events, the meltdown itself was “profoundly manmade.” The Commission concluded that “The. . .accident was the result of collusion between the government, the regulators and TEPCO, and the lack of governance by said parties.”
In India, as in Japan, the lack of governance and independent regulatory oversight was identified by the Comptroller Auditor General as crippling factors in the nuclear safety regime.
Nityanand Jayaraman, Hindustan Times
S. NAGESH KUMAR, M RAJEEV
While villagers in a part of coastal Tamil Nadu are protesting against a nuclear power plant, in neighbouring Andhra Pradesh a more conventional method of energy production has been the trigger for widespread protests.
Three dozen or more thermal power stations are coming up at several places along the Andhra coast. In north coastal Andhra, fishermen and farmers have repeatedly clashed with the authorities, leading to police firing and deaths. The thermal stations, they fear, will deprive them of livelihood and cause serious health disorders in the long run.
Faced with a severe shortage of power, the Andhra Pradesh government has been inviting investments in thermal power generation at breakneck speed. In Nellore district alone, as many as 20 plants with a cumulative capacity of 24,500 MW have been proposed within a radius of five km of Krishnapatnam.