A Quick and Impressionistic Study of the Fisheries Sector of North Malabar By Satish Babu, Julian Teelar and Siddique T K
Disaster resilience and sustainable development go hand in hand. Local initiatives taken with the participation and support of people are what count in the long term as milestones for achieving sustainable development. This has been the focus of BEDROC, the successor to NCRC working in the disaster prone district of Nagapattinam. This issue of the TRINet Newsletter carries a note about the latest set of activities undertaken by Bedroc which were formally inaugurated on 22nd May 2010.
We all cry hoarse about pollution and pollutants. Quite rightly so for we are increasingly living in a world dominated by lab-produced chemicals. A majority of these do not have any toxicology data. Our development activities demand increased use of chemicals. Sage Publications has brought out a new easy-to-read publication titled “Our Toxic World” which is reviewed in this newsletter.
The newsletter has the usual “Useful Reads” and “News you can use” sections. This is the 60th issue of the newsletter.
Summer has set in early this year and temperatures have started rising rapidly. The heat sends us all to drink lots of water - which brings me to the focus of this month's newsletter - Climate Change and Water. The fifth world water forum was held in Istanbul from 16-22 March mainly to push this worldwide crisis into the international agenda especially considering the fact that within the next two decades, half to two thirds of the world is expected to live in water-stressed conditions. This is what is explored in the lead essay, and the Useful Reads section lists some recent important reports with respect to freshwater. The newsletter also contains a report on the recycling of wastewater to grow vegetables, a note about the special portal for schools in the India Water Forum and about the Ambirajan memorial lecture held recently at Chennai.
There is so much talk about the need for capacity building but when one comes down to the brass tacks, it is not always very clear. This is what was also pointed out by Dr Terry Jeggle in his lecture titled "42 ways of capacity building" last year at a workshop in Chennai. We are all aware of the various problems that can occur due to climate change, we also know that there already exists capacity in people to respond to disasters – what is required is adding to that capacity. This is better described as capacity development, rather than capacity building, and this is briefly explored in the August 2008 issue of the TRINet Newsletter which I have attached for your kind perusal. Related useful reads released recently are also listed after the article.
The newsletter also contains an update on the ongoing sea safety project in Tamil Nadu, as well as snippets of news from coastal areas and related to tsunami rehabilitation.
In this issue
Lead: Power: Small Actions, Big Impact ……………….1
TRINet ….Specials: ……………………………………………2
The case of Mojanam, the missing fishing boat
Machimar Adhikar Sangharsh Sangathan
News you can use………………………………………………4
TRINet DeBunk ……………………………………………….6
Agriculture was the second most-affected sector after fisheries in the 2004 tsunami. However, it did not get the attention it deserved. After the tsunami, just when the farmers were trying to get back on their feet, a very wet monsoon caused extensive flooding. Floods and droughts alternate and cause untold misery to the farming sector. The tsunami has heightened our need for being prepared against natural disasters. In this issue of the newsletter, the focus is on agriculture – the useful reads section contains a couple of recent publications on disaster preparedness in this sector. The other features – rehab news snippets and brief reports of important meetings are also carried in this newsletter.
This issue focuses on children, a subject not covered in any earlier newsletter. There are many issues related to children and disasters but two of the most important are the care and upbringing of those orphaned by a disaster and ensuring that children are prepared when a disaster strikes – by making them aware of facts in a simple and practical manner. A number of colouring books and story books are available on various websites that talk about disaster preparedness for children and some of these are included in this issue. The ‘Useful Reads’ section contains some reports from UNICEF that should be read especially by those dealing with issues related to children and women.
A few meetings were held during July which are reported briefly. The rehab news snippets section is there but the number of events directly related to rehabilitation post-tsunami seem to be slowly coming down.
Cities are important actors in Climate Change issues. The actual contribution of GHGs by cities is debated - and could range from 40-75% - depending on the way the city people use fossil fuels and also what constitutes a city. But cities have an even more important role to play because they are often the centres for policy making as well as finance. Hence they should taken on the mantle of leadership in CC issues; more so coastal cities which are affected in multiple ways by CC. This is what is explored in the August 2009 issue of the TRINet newsletter. The issue also contains useful reads relevant to this subject.
Another point of importance last month is the lapse of the draft CMZ notification and the publication of the Swaminathan report. An extract from the report, "Final Frontier" is carried here.
A sense of achievement. This is the fiftieth newsletter from TRINet which has seen the evolution of TRINet from its focus on tsunami rehab to looking at issues that affect coastal communities. We hope that you have found the newsletters useful and look forward to feedback. All the past issues of the TRINet newsletter are available on the website www.trinet.in.
Cyclone Nisha hovered over TN for some days before crossing the coast. The damage has been quite high with damaged roads, collapsed houses, breaches in tanks and canals. Lakhs of people have been evacuated, hundreds of acres waterlogged. Schools were closed for most of last week and rescue by boats is now no more a novelty.
On 26th, despite pouring rain, Bedroc, Nagapattinam, presented their study ““Strengthening Local Leadership for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction” to a select audience of people from the government, NGO sector and those concerned with disaster management. A report about this meeting is carried in this issue of the TRINet newsletter.
The “Useful Reads” section contains information about “Tiding over tsunami –II” from the Government of TN as well as other recent publications.
Coastal erosion is an increasing problem along the coast and there is a short note with photos from Andhra Pradesh. The newsletter also contains media reports on coastal issues as well as tsunami rehabilitation.